Doing business today will often mean interactions with clients, contract partners, and others that may bring you into contact with many different states. This may sometimes bring about a situation in which you need to enforce a judgment from one state in another or defend against such a judgment. When these commercial litigation situations arise, it is important to have knowledgeable Georgia business counsel on your side who understands the law and the role the Georgia courts can play in pursuing the outcome you need. Recently, the Georgia Supreme Court entered an informative decision about using this state’s courts to oppose a judgment entered by another state.
The underlying relationship that eventually led to litigation in that recent case was a commercial contract between a telecom company and an IT services and training company. The contract called for the latter company to provide services for the former. Eventually, the relationship soured, and the services company sued in state court in St. Louis, Mo. That case was resolved when the trial court there entered a default judgment in favor of the plaintiff, awarding it $52,589. A default judgment is a final resolution of a court case in favor of one party due to the other party’s failure to take a required action to participate in the case. Often, these occur in favor of plaintiffs because defendants fail to respond or take other required actions.
Four months after securing the judgment in St. Louis, the plaintiff brought its case to Atlanta, asking a judge in Fulton County to enter an order of enforcement of foreign judgment. A foreign judgment is any judgment entered by any court outside Georgia. In order for your out-of-state judgment to be enforceable and collectible in this state, you have to get an order from a Georgia court declaring it to be recognized in this state. Georgia has something called the Uniform Enforcement of Foreign Judgment Act (UEFJA), which indicates what’s required to make your out-of-state judgment enforceable here.